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Tuesday, November 24, 2020 | History

4 edition of Proxy means tests for targeting social programs found in the catalog.

Proxy means tests for targeting social programs

Margaret E. Grosh

Proxy means tests for targeting social programs

simulations and speculation

by Margaret E. Grosh

  • 264 Want to read
  • 11 Currently reading

Published by World Bank in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Public welfare administration.,
  • Poor -- Services for -- Simulation methods.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementMargaret E. Grosh, Judy L. Baker.
    SeriesLSMS working paper,, no. 118
    ContributionsBaker, Judy L., 1960-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHV91 .G783 1995
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 49 p.
    Number of Pages49
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL789862M
    ISBN 100821333135
    LC Control Number95022294

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Proxy means tests for targeting social programs by Margaret E. Grosh Download PDF EPUB FB2

Proxy Means Tests for Targeting Social Programs: Simulations and Speculation (LSMS WORKING PAPER) [Grosh, Margaret E., Baker, Judy L.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Proxy Means Tests for Targeting Social Programs: Simulations and Speculation (LSMS WORKING PAPER)Cited by:   Abstract: This paper examines how a proxy means test might work in targeting social programs.

The term "proxy means test" is used to describe a situation where information on household or individual characteristics correlated with welfare levels is used in a formal algorithm to proxy household income, welfare or need.

Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Proxy means tests for targeting social programs [electronic resource]: simulations and speculation in SearchWorks catalog. PMT-based social registries Measuring income and poverty using Proxy Means Tests OVERVIEW This%document%will%serveas%anintroductiontoproxy%means%testing(PMT).%File Size: KB.

Proxy means testing is one of a family of mechanisms used to target social programs to poor households. A comparative study of 30 targeted social programs in Latin America reveals that, among all targeting methods, the proxy means tests used in Chile resulted in the highest targeting rate to the poor (Grosh, ).

Developing the proxy means tests: technical versus political and administrative considerations Exclusion by design: An assessment of the effectiveness of the proxy means test poverty targeting mechanism iii Abstract This paper assesses the effectiveness of the proxy means test (PMT) targeting methodology.

It brings together international evidence to show that it is both inaccurate and arbitrary. Indeed, of all variation observed in targeting outcomes, only 20 percent was accounted for by the choice of targeting method. Means testing, geographic targeting, and self-selection based on a.

Downloadable. In the absence of reliable and exhaustive income data, Proxy Means Tests (PMTs) are frequently employed as a cost-effective way to identify income-poor beneficiaries of targeted anti-poverty programs.

However, their usefulness depends on whether proxies accurately identify the income poor. Based on Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC)-analysis, we find that PMTs perform. Proxy Means Test (PMT) and the Household Economy Analysis are widely used methods to (HEA) target chronically poor households and those suffering from food crises respectively.

Proxy Means Test (PMT) and the Household Economy Analysis (HEA) are widely used methods to target chronically poor households and those suffering Proxy means tests for targeting social programs book food crises respectively.

Using panel data from Niger, this study provides the first empirical evidence on the relative efficiency of these methods in identifying households suffering from permanent or seasonal deprivations. Duringthe poor households in Vietnam were identified by Ministry of Labor, Invalid and Social Affairs (MOLISA) using an approach that combined proxy means tests (PMT) and quick collection of income data.

A set of indicators were used to identify the surely poor and surely non-poor households. Then, income data were collected using simple questionnaires for the remaining. This Proxy means tests for targeting social programs book from ReSAKSS Annual Trends and Outlook Report () uses Egypt as a case study to examine the effectiveness of proxy means test (PMT) targeting.

Targeting effectiveness is defined in terms of the ability of the program to enroll beneficiaries from the lowest two quintiles of the expenditure distribution. Chapter 10 uses Egypt as a case study to examine the effectiveness of proxy means test (PMT) targeting.

Targeting effectiveness is defined in terms of the ability of the program to enroll beneficiaries from the lowest two quintiles of the expenditure distribution.

Proxy Means Testing 51 Community-Based Targeting 59 We stress that targeting is a means toward the end of poverty reduction. impacts of targeted interventions on welfare, a review that is beyond the scope of this book.

Programs may have other objectives than transferring money to the poorest households, and these objectives may in. A proxy is an indirect measure of the desired outcome which is itself strongly correlated to that outcome. It is commonly used when direct measures of the outcome are unobservable and/or unavailable.

An organization should use a proxy measure when there is little or no data available about the program being implemented, but the outcome the. The Recollection Proxy Pretest is very common, but can suffer from the effects of bias, and a whole range of memory effects. Where standard tests or measures already exist, such as in schools, then the Archived Proxy is very useful as the standard tests may provide a reliable and valid method of.

Using a Proxy Risk Score to Pre-Screen Offenders for Community Supervision 6/29/05 Page 2 1) Select Population Sample: Begin by selecting a random sample (at least cases) of active probationers including data for current age, age at first arrest, and number of prior. Poor targeting is a huge and growing social problem.

Immense resource implications. But programmatic advocates have strong incentives to sweep it under the rug. Christopher Jencks: “Conservatives will hate this book for assuming that well-designed social programs are an essential part of a humane society.

Do federal social programs work. This is a simple question. While the question may be straightforward, however, finding an answer is complicated. To answer in the affirmative, federal social. Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My library. Components of Social Marketing.

82, Problem: The problem is the health issue of concern. For potential solutions to emerge, the. problem must be well defined.

Target Audience: The target audience is the individual or group whose behavior should change. Social marketers focus on the audience and use a variety of tools to understand it.

Formative. Welfare programs are government subsidies for low-income families and individuals. Recipients must prove their income falls below a target, which is some percentage of the federal povertythe poverty level for a family of four was $25, This paper reports the results of a field experiment conducted in Indonesian villages that investigated two main approaches to solving this problem: proxy-means tests, where a census of hard-to-hide assets is used to predict consumption, and community-based targeting, where villagers rank everyone on a scale from richest to poorest.

Other types of proxy servers. Transparent proxies are typically found near the exit of a corporate network. These proxies centralize network traffic.

On corporate networks, a proxy server is associated with -- or is part of -- a gateway server that separates the network from external networks (typically the Internet) and a firewall that protects the network from outside intrusion and allows.

Software testing tools and techniques usually suffer from a lack of generic applicability and scalability. The reason is straight-forward. In order to automate the process, we have to have some ways to generate oracles from the specification, and generate test cases to test the target software against the oracles to decide their correctness.

Social programs in the United States are welfare programs designed to ensure that the basic needs of the American population are met. Federal and state welfare programs include cash assistance, healthcare and medical provisions, food assistance, housing subsidies, energy and utilities subsidies, education and childcare assistance, and subsidies and assistance for other basic services.

In its broadest meaning, to evaluate means to ascertain the worth of or to fix a value on some object. In this book, we use evaluation in a more restricted sense, as program evaluation or interchangeably as evaluation research, defined as a social science activity directed at collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and communicating information about the.

ISS NEWS ISS Announces Benchmark Policy Updates ISS today released updates to its ISS benchmark proxy voting policies. The updated policies will generally be applied for shareholder meetings taking place on or after Feb.

1, Audience targeting helps you show your ads to the people you care about. Learn how to use Facebook's ad targeting options and get your Facebook ads in front of the right people.

Social media networks track users by IP addresses. That means someone using a public proxy could get banned on Facebook or another social media site, and you wouldn’t be able to use the IP address associated if they use VPS as proxy.

Then, you would have to go out and search for another free proxy. Facebook ads are not just a place for your promotions, but they also show you some clear data about your target audience and its size. For example, if you want to reach men and women in New York interested in social media marketing, you can find.

Legally, companies are owned by shareholders who elect a board of directors that oversees the work of management. The proxy is the medium for electing the board, so the proxy statement includes biographical information about the people in the running. Look it over.

Here are some things you definitely want to know if you’re a social investor. The definition of audience targeting is exactly what you'd expect: It's the practice of using data to segment consumers by demographics or interests in order to find the holy grail that is the right person on the right device at the right moment.

You can uncover psychographics using social analysis tools to search follower bios for. The social safety net (SSN) consists of non-contributory assistance existing to improve lives of vulnerable families and individuals experiencing poverty and destitution. Examples of SSNs are non-contributory social pensions, in-kind and food transfers, conditional and unconditional cash transfers, fee waivers, public works, and school feeding programs.

Middle School Social Studies, Interactive Practice Test Use this interactive practice test to prepare for the Middle School Social Studies test ().

This full-length practice test lets you practice answering one set of authentic test questions in an environment that simulates the computer-delivered test. According to the Massachusetts Health Care Proxy Law, all adult patients 18 years of age and older have the right to make Advance Directives including a health care proxy.

The health care proxy allows you to appoint an agent, usually the person you most trust, to make decisions about your health care should you, for any reason, be unable to. But more likely, it will use some configuration to determine which implementation class to create (see the Factory patterns), or it will wrap the known implementation class in a proxy object.

I say “wrap” advisedly, because the proxy’s main job is to mediate access to the target, so it must maintain a reference to the target. A/B testing as a marketing strategy goes way back to the days before the internet even existed, when direct mail marketers used it to conduct small tests on a tiny fraction of their contact lists before committing to the massive cost of printing and mailing a campaign.

How do you contact Social Security. Our website is a valuable resource for information about all of Social Security’s programs. You can access it by going to In addition to using our website, you can call us toll-free at We can answer specific questions from 7 a.m.

to 7 p.m., Monday through Friday. Do you use Facebook ads? Are you aware of all of the targeting options Facebook offers?

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They are specifically designed to be used Social Media Proxies Read More».A/B tests require deploying the same strategy to two groups of people, but with a minor change. Performing A/B tests from one accounts takes time. In addition, an A/B test through one account requires adjusting one element per test.

This is where social media proxies come in handy. By using them, a marketer can deploy an A/B test to several.